Functional Aspect of Resources
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Functional Aspect of Resources

Functional Aspect of resources Resources relate to man and it is functional. It is only means to an end, the end being satisfaction of human wants or social objectives. A thing is resource so far as it affects man as a means of satisfying his wants. That is to say, a thing becomes resource by its function in relation to man. A lump of coal is resource not because of its shape, color or composition or for its scarcity but because it functions for satisfying some human want.

Functional Aspect of resources

Resources relate to man and it is functional. It is only means to an end, the end being satisfaction of human wants or social objectives. A thing is resource so far as it affects man as a means of satisfying his wants. That is to say, a thing becomes resource by its function in relation to man. A lump of coal is resource not because of its shape, color or composition or for its scarcity but because it functions for satisfying some human want. To a prehistoric man the vast deposits of minerals underground, e.g., coal petroleum, iron ore, etc., were unknown. He did not know their uses. These natural things affected him neither favorably nor unfavorably. To him they were not resources. But to a modern man they are doing miracles. They function for his benefit and for satisfying his wants and for him they are resources. Thus resource is something functional. It refers the function that a thing (material or non-material) performs. But mere function is not enough. The end result of the function must be beneficial to man. This functional or operational aspect of resource is of paramount importance.

Functional Aspect Further Explained

Here one has to be careful about the danger of misinterpreting the functional aspect of resources. India has a proved reserve of 3000 million tons of high grade iron ore, scattered in different parts of the country. From a few of those deposits some 25 million tons of ore is raised annually. But many of the deposits though known, are not worked upon. They can be worked upon if needed. Under such circumstances, iron resource of India is not 25 million tons, nor the total deposits of the working mines only, but the entire deposit of 3000 million tons. But if the circumstances be such, that for lack of technical knowledge of for some other social and political reasons, a few of the mines cannot be worked, the deposits in those very mines become neutral stuffs and not resources. The point is not only actual functioning but also function ability or potential function ability.

The function ability may differ from time to time, and from place to place. Only 25 years back, the river Damodar was but a nuisance to the country causing host of troubles. So were the Tennessee in the USA and the Hwang Ho in China. But under changed sociopolitical conditions, plans have been drawn up and executed, the rivers tamed and harnessed, yielding hydro-electricity, irrigation water, navigable water channels and many more benefits. Now these rivers are undoubtedly resources to the respective countries. They have acquired the attribute of function ability.

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Comments (1)
niks

Verry nice article.. I like it.

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