The Forest; Its Structure and Energy Flow
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The Forest; Its Structure and Energy Flow

There are many treasures in the forest, the tress where many things came from; such as the logs that are use for different wood-works, the different plants that provide foods and medicines as well as the wild animals.

There are many treasures in the forest, the tress where many things came from; such as the logs that are use for different wood-works, the different plants that provide foods and medicines as well as the wild animals.

Some people rely on the forest for their income source as forest provides valuable products.

The forest is consists of different layers of plants; these layers are the Canopy layer, Middle layer and the Forest Floor layer.

The Canopy layer is the uppermost layer. It consists of the branches and the leaves of the tallest tress in the forest. These are the plants that receive more sunlight coming from the sun. The Middle layer is mostly consists of trees as well as shrubs and herbs. The first Floor layer is the bottom layer of the forest and is composed mostly of moss. There are different kinds of animals that are found in each of these layers of the forest.

The birds, the insects as well as the other animals are mostly feed with the leaves and fruits of the plants belonging to the Canopy layer. Some animals are feed on the shrubs and herbs and some others feed on other animal’s meat.

On the other hand, some microorganisms such as bacteria are feed on the waste and remains of dead plants and animals that accumulates on the floor of the forest. The microorganisms will eventually return the nutrients into the soil and to the air in the process of decomposition. These nutrients will be used again by the plants in making food.

The plants greatly depend on the sun's energy as well as in the inorganic nutrients and carbon dioxide to be able for them to make their own food and survive. The animals eat this plants as well as the meat of other animals to get the energy in order for them to grow and to live.

When the plants and animals die, their dead bodies will be consumed by the microorganisms and eventually turn it into nutrients once again which will be use by the other plants. This is how the energy flows inside the forest.

One of the global environmental problems is the elimination of the forest areas throughout the world. This is because of logging and clearing giving way to the economical needs of the people. As result, flash floods in lowland areas occur as well as other problems such as global warming and climate change. With this, people should consider the importance of forest to our environmental system. Forest is a part of a natural system and its destruction is a destruction of the entire system.

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Comments (1)

Excellent and very interesting article...well done

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